CCR Corner

The purpose of the Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) webpage is to provide resources and updates regarding implementation of the final U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rule, Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals from Electric Utilities.

EPA Information

EPA Coal Ash (Coal Combustion Residuals) Webpage

This is a comprehensive webpage, with information regarding, among other topics, coal ash basics and coal ash reuse; EPA regulations; State permit programs and the EPA 2017 interim final CCR State permit program guidance; CCR Part A and Part B implementation; compliance and enforcement; and frequently asked questions. A portion of the EPA webpage addresses EPA approval of State CCR permit program applications, authorized by Public Law No. 114-322, the Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act, that was signed into law by the President on December 16, 2016.  Title II, Water and Waste Act of 2016, Subtitle C, Section 2301, amends RCRA Subtitle D to give EPA the authority to approve CCR permit programs or other systems of prior approval and conditions that States may establish for the EPA CCR rule and submit to EPA for approval. Title II, Subtitle C, begins on page 90 of Public Law No. 114-322 at the above link. As of January 2024, three States – Georgia, Oklahoma, and Texas – have received EPA approval of their CCR permit programs.  Information about these programs, as well as EPA’s proposal in August 2023 to deny Alabama’s permit program, can be found in this section of the EPA webpage.

EPA National Enforcement and Compliance Initiatives for Fiscal Years 2024-2027 – Protecting Communities from Coal Ash Contamination

Through a January 12, 2023 Federal Register notice, EPA sought public comment and recommendations on the National Enforcement and Compliance Initiatives (NECIs) for fiscal years 2024-2027, including a potential new NECI, “Addressing Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR).”   In August 2023, EPA announced its selection of the FY 2024 – 2027 NECIs, including the new initiative, “ Protecting Communities from Coal Ash Contamination.” Additional information is available on the EPA National Enforcement and Compliance Initiatives webpage. The ASTSWMO Program Steering Committee provided comments regarding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Enforcement and Compliance Initiatives (NECIs) for Fiscal Years 2024-2027 on March 13, 2023.

ASTSWMO Information

2023 ASTSWMO Statement on Coal Combustion Residuals Program Implementation

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Published on May 17, 2023 In April 2023, the ASTSWMO Board of Directors approved an update to the ASTSWMO Statement on Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) Program Implementation that was initially released in January 2022. The updated statement reflects State and Territorial (State) feedback provided to ASTSWMO in January 2023 regarding implementation of the CCR rule and the State CCR permit program approval process. It also recognizes U.S. Environmental Protection Agency CCR activities since the initial statement was issued.

Comments Submitted to EPA

2023

ASTSWMO Materials Management Subcommittee Comments on CCR Legacy Surface Impoundments NODA

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Published on December 11, 2023 On December 11, 2023, the ASTSWMO Materials Management Subcommittee submitted comments to EPA regarding the Notice of Data Availability (NODA) for Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) Legacy Surface Impoundments and CCR Management Units. Federal Register notice of the NODA.

ASTSWMO Materials Management Subcommittee Comments regarding EPA’s Proposed Denial of Alabama’s CCR Permit Program

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Published on October 13, 2023 The ASTSWMO Material Management Subcommittee submitted comments to EPA on October 13, 2023 regarding EPA’s proposed denial of Alabama’s State Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) Permit Program. Federal Register notice of the proposed denial. Alabama Department of Environmental Management docket comments in response to proposed denial. 

ASTSWMO Task Force Comments Regarding the Proposed Legacy CCR Surface Impoundment Rule

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Published on August 15, 2023 The Disposal and Conversion Task Force submitted comments regarding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed rule on Legacy Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) Surface Impoundments and CCR Management Units to EPA on July 17, 2023. Federal Register notice of proposal.

2022

SWDC Task Force Comments on Proposed CCR Part A Decisions

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Published on March 25, 2022 The Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force provided comments to EPA on March 23, 2022 regarding proposed Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) Part A decisions. EPA Part A Implementation Page.

2021

ASTSWMO Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force Comments on ANPRM for CCR Legacy Surface Impoundments

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Published on February 11, 2021 The Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force of ASTSWMO’s Materials Management Subcommittee submitted comments to EPA on February 11, 2021 regarding the Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) for Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) Legacy Surface Impoundments. Federal Register notice of ANPRM. Federal Register notice of extension of comment period for the ANPRM.

2020

ASTSWMO Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force Comments on Proposed Federal CCR Permit Program

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Published on July 16, 2020 The Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force within the Materials Management Subcommittee submitted comments to EPA on July 16, 2020 regarding the proposed rule, Hazardous and Solid Waste Management System: Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals From Electric Utilities; Federal CCR Permit Program. Federal Register notice of proposed rule. Federal Register notice of extension of comment period for proposed rule. Federal Register notice reopening the comment period for the proposed rule.

ASTSWMO Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force Comments on Proposed Part B Rule

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Published on April 17, 2020 The Solid Waste Disposal and Conversion Task Force within the Materials Management Subcommittee submitted comments to EPA on April 17, 2020 regarding the proposed rule, Hazardous and Solid Waste Management System: Disposal of CCR; A Holistic Approach to Closure Part B: Alternate Demonstration for Unlined Surface Impoundments; Implementation of Closure. Federal Register notice of proposed rule.

2010

ASTSWMO Comments on Proposed Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals from Electric Utilities

On November 19, 2010, ASTSWMO submitted comments to EPA regarding the proposed rule, Hazardous and Solid Waste Management System; Identification and Listing of Special Wastes; Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals from Electric Utilities (Docket ID # EPA HQ-RCRA-2009-0640). Comments regarding the June 21, 2010 EPA Proposed CCR Rule