Federal Facilities Issues Paper – May 2020

ASTSWMO members identified a number of issues in this paper that are current priorities for State federal facility programs. For each of the issues, ASTSWMO briefly summarizes the issues, describes current challenges identified by our membership, and offers recommendations for States and federal agencies. Additional information about the issues, including federal and State guidance and policies, previous ASTSWMO research projects, and fact sheets, are provided in the References section. ASTSWMO encourages its membership to utilize these informational resources to further inform and improve its work with federal facilities.

Draft Interim Recommendations for Addressing Groundwater Contaminated with PFOA and PFOS

The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) appreciates the opportunity to provide comments on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Draft Interim Recommendations for Addressing Groundwater Contaminated with PFOA and PFOS. ASTSWMO is an association representing the waste management and remediation programs of the 50 U.S. States, five Territories, and the District of Columbia (States). These comments are being submitted by ASTSWMO’s PFAS Workgroup, which includes representatives from ASTSWMO’s Board of Directors and program Subcommittees. These comments have not been reviewed or adopted by the ASTSWMO Board of Directors.

State environmental associations respond to EPA’s PFAS Action Plan April 2019

We appreciate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) development of its Per-and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Action Plan in response to the feedback EPA received during the May 2018 PFAS National Leadership Summit and other public engagements. The Action Plan demonstrates EPA’s acknowledgment of the several challenges States, Interstates and Territories (States) are facing related to PFAS.

Ensuring Environmental Protection of Closed Federal Facility Sites

ASTSWMO conducted this study to identify mechanisms for evaluating ongoing protectiveness at federal facility sites that have achieved site closeout that allows for unlimited use/unrestricted exposure (UU/UE). This category of sites may present challenges for evaluating their continuing protectiveness as they are typically not subject to periodic reporting requirements or periodic State review. The ASTSWMO State Federal Coordination Focus Group requested information from the 50 States, five Territories, and the District of Columbia (States) on their management of closed federal facility sites, including State definitions of site closeout; State experiences with reopening closed federal facility sites; and, their ability to track or revisit sites that have achieved site closeout. Thirty-three States responded to our request. The analysis of State responses and a list of recommendations for States is provided in this report.

Perfluorinated Chemicals (PFCs): PFOA & PFOS Information Paper

ASTSWMO prepared this paper to provide our members with information on perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), which are emerging contaminants of concern. This document focuses on two specific PFCs – perfluorooctanioc acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) – and contains introductory information and resources on its historical and current uses, effects on human health and the environment, and current State and federal guidelines for investigation and remediation.

Incidental TENORM: A Guidance for State Solid Waste Managers

The ASTSWMO Radiation Focus Group developed this guidance to inform solid waste management and other officials about technologically-enhanced, naturally-occurring, radioactive materials (TENORM) concerns and management approaches.  TENORM contamination is typically the result of process operations involving the extraction, purification, filtration, smelting, or pipeline transport of virtually any material of geological origin.  The TENORM discussed in this guidance are not federally regulated and are incidentally concentrated from various industrial processes, such as coal mining and combustion, and water treatment.  These materials have the potential to be transported to solid waste facilities or become legacy contaminants on CERCLA sites.

Tungsten Issues Papers

The ASTSWMO Policy and Technology Focus Group developed these papers to assess tungsten issues, and the inherent challenges and impacts of tungsten assessment and remediation on existing cleanup programs being implemented at federal facilities.   Version 2.0 is an update to the first version of this document, and provides updated information on remedial technologies and impacts to human health and environment.
Tungsten Issues Paper – Version 2.0 (February 2011)
Tungsten Issues Paper (December 2008)