ASTSWMO PFAS

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a large family of more than 5,000 manmade fluorinated organic chemicals. These chemicals have been used in several consumer products and industry processes due to their oil and water repellency, temperature resistance, and friction reduction. In recent years, scientists have concluded that some of these substances may pose risks to human health and the environment.

PFAS Resources

Federal Government

State Government

Local Government

State Government Associations

Universities

Other Nonprofit / Industry

Environmental Information

Assessment and Sampling:

ITRC Fact Sheet: Site Characterization Considerations, Sampling Precautions, and Laboratory Analytical Methods for PFAS. Describes methods for evaluating PFAS in the environment.

EPA Technical Brief: PFAS Methods and guidance for sampling and analyzing water and other environmental media. Summarizes EPA's efforts to develop validated robust analytical methods for groundwater, surface water, wastewater, and solids, including soils, sediments, and biosolids.

DoD Guidance: Bottle Selection and other Sampling Considerations When Sampling for PFAS. This guidance applies to any sample taken for the analysis of PFAS and is applicable to any liquid, soil, sediment, and tissue matrix.

Battelle - PFAS Sampling, Characterization and Analysis: A State-of-the-Industry Report. Includes information on sampling analysis, analytical methods, site characterization.

Massachusetts DEP: Fact Sheet Interim Guidance on Sampling and Analysis for PFAS at Disposal Sites Regulated under the Massachusetts Contingency Plan, June 19, 2018. Provides guidance regarding when and how to sample and analyze for PFAS at disposal sites regulated under the Massachusetts Contingency Plan (MCP). MassDEP recommends a specific list of target PFAS analytes and discusses appropriate quantitative and qualitative risk characterization approaches. The Fact Sheet also summarizes physical and chemical properties, potential environmental health effects, and current state and federal standards and guidelines for PFAS compounds.

ASTM D7979-17 Standard Test Method for Determination of PFAS in Water, Sludge, Influent, Effluent and Wastewater by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)

ASTM D7968-17a Standard Test Method for Determination of Polyfluorinated Compounds in Soil by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)

Association of Public Health Laboratories: The ABCs of PFAS - Mobilizing Laboratories to Protect Communities.

Treatment and Cleanup:

ITRC Fact Sheet: Remediation Technologies and Methods for PFAS. Provides an overview of remedial technologies and methods for treatment of solids (for instance, soil or sediment) and liquids (for instance, groundwater, leachate, or surface water); describes processes for the treatment of PFAS that are now in use or are under development; and describes the challenges and limitations for each treatment technology.

EPA CLU-IN: PFAS Remediation Technologies. Provides an overview of remediation technologies that have been used or are being evaluated to treat PFAS-contaminated media. Most of the available information concerns the treatment of drinking water, wastewater, and groundwater; treatment of soils and sediments has received less attention.

SERDP-ESTCP: Search results for several remediation research projects and fact sheets by DoD's Environmental Research Programs.

NAVFAC: Treatment Technologies for PFAS Site Management. Presentation with a summary of available remediation technologies.

National Ground Water Association: Groundwater and PFAS: State of Knowledge and Practice ($). Section 8 includes information on Remediation and Treatment.

Michigan PFAS Science Advisory Panel: Scientific Evidence and Recommendation for Managing PFAS Contamination in Michigan. In November 2017, after finding PFAS in several locations in Michigan, Governor Rick Snyder issued an Executive Directive that established the Michigan PFAS Action Response Team (MPART). The purpose of MPART is to ensure a comprehensive, cohesive and timely response to the continued mitigation of PFAS across Michigan.

The Water Research Foundation: Management, Analysis, Removal, Fate and Transport of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) in Water

Ross I, McDonough J, Miles J, et al. A review of emerging technologies for remediation of PFASs. Remediation. 2018;28:101-126. https://doi.org/10.1002/rem.21553

Darlington, R., Ed Barth, AND J. McKernan. The Challenges of PFAS Remediation. The Military Engineer. Society of American Military Engineers, Alexandria, VA, 110(712):58-60, (2018). This article is the result of a collaborative effort between Battelle and the U.S. EPA to review of the most promising technologies.

Health Information

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PFAS Resources

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Guidance, Fact Sheets, Papers

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In the News

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Acronyms

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