The purpose of the Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) webpage is to provide State and Federal resources and updates regarding implementation of the final EPA rule, Disposal of Coal Combustion Residuals from Electric Utilities. The webpage also provides links to legislative activities regarding the rule’s implementation. In addition to information focused on CCR rule implementation, the page also includes a link to federal research regarding coal and its by-products.
EPA Information Sources
The EPA webpage includes a variety of information regarding the final rule, including:
State Solid Waste Management Plan Approvals for the CCR Rule
A portion of the EPA Final Rule webpage addresses EPA approval of State solid waste management plans that incorporate the CCR rule.
Kansas is the first State to have such an EPA approved plan.
As noted on the EPA webpage, on October 19, 2015, EPA conditionally approved the Kansas solid waste management plan that incorporates the EPA rule by reference. The approval is conditioned on Kansas completing a process to adopt the federal minimum CCR requirements.
ASTSWMO Information Sources
Comments regarding the June 21, 2010 EPA Proposed CCR Rule
S. 612, the Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation’s Act,
was passed by both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate as of December 10, 2016, and was signed into law by the President on December 16, 2016, becoming Public Law No. 114-322. A provision in the law amends RCRA Subtitle D to give EPA the authority to approve coal combustion residuals (CCR) permit programs or other systems of prior approval and conditions that States may establish for the EPA CCR rule and submit to EPA for approval. The CCR legislative language is in Title II, Subtitle C, Section 2301.
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held briefings in January and February 2016 to examine EPA’s work under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Executive Order 12898 with a focus on the civil rights implications of the placement of coal ash disposal facilities near minority and low income communities. The briefings related to the Commission’s 2016 Enforcement Report, Environmental Justice: Toxic Materials, Poor Economies, and the Impact on the Environment of Low-Income, Minority Communities
Press releases regarding the briefings:
U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) research and development program to develop technologies for the recovery of rare earth elements from coal and coal by-products: