The goal of the five-year review is to evaluate the implementation and performance of the selected remedy and to ensure that the remedy chosen for a site remains protective of human health and the environment. As more federal facility cleanups reach Records of Decision there will be an increase in five-year reviews documents in the coming years. This paper highlights States’ involvement with five-year reviews at federal facility cleanups and steps States can take to ensure their comments and recommendations are addressed.
ASTSWMO conducted this study to identify mechanisms for evaluating ongoing protectiveness at federal facility sites that have achieved site closeout that allows for unlimited use/unrestricted exposure (UU/UE). This category of sites may present challenges for evaluating their continuing protectiveness as they are typically not subject to periodic reporting requirements or periodic State review. The ASTSWMO State Federal Coordination Focus Group requested information from the 50 States, five Territories, and the District of Columbia (States) on their management of closed federal facility sites, including State definitions of site closeout; State experiences with reopening closed federal facility sites; and, their ability to track or revisit sites that have achieved site closeout. Thirty-three States responded to our request. The analysis of State responses and a list of recommendations for States is provided in this report.
Performance-based contracting (PBC) is frequently used for implementing environmental cleanup work at federal facilities under the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP). The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) has produced two white papers on the subject: “Performance Based Remediation Contracts and Compendium of State Lessons Learned – A Guide to Performance Based Environmental Remediation, November 2004,” and “State Perspectives on the Use of Performance-Based Contracting at Federal Facilities Cleanups, August 2010.” Both papers provide recommendations for improving the PBC process.
ASTSWMO prepared this paper to provide our members with information on perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), which are emerging contaminants of concern. This document focuses on two specific PFCs – perfluorooctanioc acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) – and contains introductory information and resources on its historical and current uses, effects on human health and the environment, and current State and federal guidelines for investigation and remediation.
ASTSWMO developed this report to evaluate how the Uniform Environmental Covenants Act (UECA) is being used at federal facilities. This document provides an introduction to LUCs and the UECA; a summary of State-specific regulations and policies specific to UECA and LUCs; an analysis of information provided by States concerning the use of UECA and LUCs at federal facilities; and offers recommendations for States. Case studies from States that use alternative statutes for LUCs are also provided.
In 2012, the Community Involvement Focus Group requested information from all States and Territories in order to better understand and compile a record of State resources available, including financial and staffing, for conducting community involvement activities. The Focus Group sent the request to members from several waste programs, including RCRA, Tanks, Brownfields, Voluntary Cleanup, Federal Superfund, and Federal Facilities. This report summarizes information received by the State programs and assesses what community activities are being conducted and by whom, and how these activities are being implemented throughout the States.
Environmental compliance and remediation at active, closed, and transferred federal facilities continues to be one of the most complex and controversial issues in State-federal relationships. The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) has consistently supported individual State efforts to regulate and enforce both State and federal waste management mandates upon federal agencies maintaining facilities located within their State. With the ongoing national debate concerning States’ environmental rights and responsibilities relating to federal facilities, ASTSWMO believes that it is necessary to define our Association’s positions relative to the environmental management and waste management efforts currently ongoing at all federal facilities.
This report provides an analysis of information received by States and the Department of Defense on interim risk management (IRM) controls and elements being implemented at munitions response sites nationwide. It provides recommendations to support the development of a national IRM framework that was proposed by the State Munitions Response Forum (MRF) in its January 2013 report.
The Radiation Focus Group developed this document to provide State and local regulatory managers with basic information on TENORM associated with shale gas operations, including hydraulic fracturing.
The Radiation Focus Group developed this fact sheet to provide State and local regulatory managers and plant operators with basic information on TENORM associated with drinking water treatment systems.