Site Assessment Program Analysis

ASTSWMO’s Site Assessment Focus Group facilitated the collection of nationally representative data about States’ use of, and recommendations for, the Site Assessment Program tools. Based on information obtained from States regarding the Site Assessment process, the Focus Group developed this report to present key findings.

Transitioning Sites to Post Construction Report

ASTSWMO’s CERCLA Post Construction Focus Group developed this report to provide examples of challenges experienced by various States during the transition of sites from the EPA to a State and present National Priorities List site examples that illustrate opportunities for possible solutions to aid in facilitating more successful transitions.

ASTSWMO 128(a) Position Paper

On January 11, 2002, President Bush signed the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act (Pub.L.No. 107-118, 115 stat. 2356, “the Brownfields Law”). The Brownfields Law amended the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) by providing funds to assess and clean up brownfields; clarified CERCLA liability protections; and provided funds to enhance State and tribal response programs. Other related laws and regulations impact brownfields cleanup and reuse through financial incentives and regulatory requirements.

Toolbox for Community Redevelopment

The ASTSWMO Brownfields Focus Group has updated the toolbox that was produced by the Focus Group in 2007. This toolbox reflects on new procedures, information and resources in community redevelopment, and it will help communities redevelop brownfield properties, and provide the basics needed to navigate the redevelopment process and access resources to assist with revitalization efforts. The PDF version of the toolbox is ready to use as is and the Word version is provided to programs so that they may tailor the toolbox to program needs.
Toolbox (PDF)
Toolbox (WORD)

Superfund State Contracts- A Reference for States and Territories: How to Get the Most Out of Your Superfund State Contract

The ASTSWMO Remedial Action Focus Group developed this report to assist States with the preparation, negotiation, and implementation of their Superfund State Contracts. This document is intended to help States recognize and understand these decision points and provide some implementation strategies to assist with the successful site cleanup. The paper describes statement of work, funding, State assurances, institutional controls, and more.

The Clean Water Act and Sediment Remediation: Using the Data Quality Objectives Process to Help Assure that Remediated Sediment Sites are not Re-Contaminated

The ASTSWMO Sediments Focus Group developed this report for environmental authorities over both the CWA and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) in a jurisdiction including State, federal, Territorial and/or tribal decision makers. This paper suggests a planning method to help identify possible sources of pollutants that could prevent a site from reaching remedial cleanup levels, remedial action objectives and/or from being recontaminated following the implementation of a successful remedial action.

Post Removals Site Controls: Ensuring the Long-Term Integrity of Removal Actions

The Removals Focus Group developed this report as an update to their 2010 report “Transition Issues Analysis”. One area that needed additional review was Post Removals Site Controls (PRSCs). Timely input from the State is needed throughout the removal decision making process. The document includes Institutional, Proprietary and Government Controls, as well as zoning, groundwater use restrictions, fish consumption advisories, and more.

Analysis of Superfund Site Assessment Program Cooperative Agreements with States: Benefits of Flexibility During Pre CERCLA Screening

In Benefits of Flexibility During Pre CERCLA Screening, this project relies upon feedback from States, EPA OSRTI data and case studies to examine the States’ use of Pre-CERCLA Screening Assessments and how they can be applied most effectively. This report focuses on the PCS process and the beneficial outcomes obtained by States through use of the PCS tool. This report furthers the work of the May 2014 research findings by focusing on States’ use of the PCS process. The goals of this report are to:

  • Obtain additional information about States’ use of PCSs and whether additional flexibility in use of federal funds during the PCS process would be beneficial;
  • Report on number of PCSs performed and their outcomes; and
  • Provide recommendations about the PCS process with supportive, illustrative case studies.

ASTSWMO Position Paper on 128(a) Funding

On January 11, 2002, President Bush signed the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act (Pub.L.No. 107-118, 115 stat. 2356, “the Brownfields Law”). The Brownfields Law amended the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) by providing funds to assess and clean up brownfields; clarified CERCLA liability protections; and provided funds to enhance State and tribal response programs. Other related laws and regulations impact brownfields cleanup and reuse through financial incentives and regulatory requirements.
Since the Brownfields Law was signed in 2002, funding to States, Territories and Tribes, via the 128(a) Brownfield Grant, has been essential for States and Territories (States) to build and maintain successful State brownfield programs. The funding that States and Territories receive each year provides an incredible number of benefits to local units of government, corporations, and other organizations, who oversee the day-to-day cleanup and redevelopment of blighted, underutilized, and contaminated properties.