Radioactive material is found naturally in water, soils and rock. When this type of radioactive material is found in its original location and in its natural concentration distributions (including ore bodies) it is referred to as Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM). Many industrial processes use or come in contact with natural raw materials that contain NORM such as ore, water, soil, rock, oil and natural gas. When industrial processes separate or concentrate the NORM found in these raw materials and expel this radioactive material in their waste streams, the resulting concentrated NORM is referred to as Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM). The intent of this guidance document is to increase awareness regarding TENORM waste generation, as well as the regulatory and radiological complexities surrounding appropriate and protective TENORM waste management methods.
From 2016-2017, the ASTSWMO State Fund-Financial Responsibility Task Force requested information about abandoned USTs and facilities from all State UST programs, and received responses from 31 States. This report summarizes and compiles the responses received, which includes information on how States fund the removal and cleanup of abandoned USTs and facilities; how many abandoned USTs and facilities, and at what costs, have these States addressed; and what incentives or unique programs do States have for addressing abandoned USTs and facilities.
The Beneficial Use Task Force developed this report as a supplement to their March 2015 Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Waste Management Survey Report. In the 2015 Survey Report, the Task Force recommended further exploration of how exploration and production (E&P) waste streams are currently beneficially used in various States, and whether information on current uses may support increased beneficial use of particular E&P wastes, or may point to any limitations for beneficial use. This Supplemental Report summarizes the Task Force’s efforts to implement this recommendation, focusing on the beneficial use of three waste streams identified in the 2015 report as “high-volume” waste streams: Drill Cuttings, Produced Water and Water-Based Drilling Fluid/Mud. The information in the Supplemental Report was gathered between February and June 2016.
The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) Board of Directors appreciates the opportunity to provide the enclosed comments on the Draft FY 2018-2022 EPA Strategic Plan. ASTSWMO is an association representing the waste management and remediation programs of the 50 States, five Territories and the District of Columbia (States).
ASTSWMO’s Brownfields Focus Group developed six fact sheets that relate to certain Brownfields topics. These topics are Phase I Assessments and All Appropriate Inquiry, Phase II Assessments, Abandoned Structures, Risk-Based Decision Making for Property Cleanup, Vapor Intrusion, and Community Involvement.
The ASTSWMO State Fund-FR Task Force compiled the attached spreadsheet and documentation that describe demands and recoveries against UST owners and operators concerning “double dipping.” Double dipping refers to monetary settlements reached by owners and operators with their insurers for UST cleanup issues where State Funds have provided reimbursement for the same costs and the monetary settlement was not returned to the State. Many State Fund managers are working on their own or with a national group of attorneys to try to recover monies legitimately due back to the State Funds. This may involve local or multi-State owners and operators. The intent of this resource is to chronicle demands and recoveries made by the various State Funds. The spreadsheet includes only summaries and documentation provided to ASTSWMO by State programs. Contact State Fund-FR Task Force members or ASTSWMO staff if you request other demands and/or recoveries cases in your State be added to the document.
The ASTSWMO Remedial Action Focus Group developed this report to provide information to States and EPA regarding the use of Interim Records of Decision (Interim RODs) at sites subject to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) also known as Superfund.
ASTSWMO’s Sediments Focus Group developed this report to evaluate efforts coordinated across CERCLA and Clean Water Act authorities that were aimed at preventing sediment recontamination. The Focus Group presents several case studies of CERCLA sites that involve a component of sediment remediation through which to explore application of collaborative recommendations jointly developed by several EPA offices.
ASTSWMO’s Site Assessment Focus Group developed a National Priorities List (NPL) Designation report, which presents results from a research project analyzing States’ views regarding whether additional NPL top-priority designations would be beneficial, and information about unsuccessful site listings.
ASTSWMO’s Site Assessment Focus Group facilitated the collection of nationally representative data about States’ use of, and recommendations for, the Site Assessment Program tools. Based on information obtained from States regarding the Site Assessment process, the Focus Group developed this report to present key findings.